Vaginitis Infection Types and Symptoms
Vaginitis is a disorder that can cause an infection or an inflammation of the vagina. The vaginitis infection can be caused by organisms like bacteria, viruses, yeast or some chemicals that are present in creams, sprays and clothing. There are cases that vaginitis is a result from sexual encounter passing organisms to one partner to another.
Vaginitis can also be caused from hormonal changes or allergic reactions like an irritation. Other factors that cause this condition are vaginal abrasions, non-cotton underwear that are too tight, diabetes, use of steroids, use of antibiotics, excessive alcohol consumption or the immune system has weakened from various reasons.
Vaginitis symptoms are generally itching, irritation, burning and abnormal discharge in the vagina. The itching may be on the vulva, skin or inside the vagina. There is a discomfort in sexual intercourse or during urination.
Vaginitis Common Types
1. Candida (Yeast Infections)
Yeast infection is caused by too much yeast in the body. The most common type of candida is candida albicans. These are fungi that live in the surface of our body. There are instances that there will be an overgrowth of candida like in warm seasons or moist areas. This excessive number can cause infections example of it is vaginal yeast infections. This infection occurs in other areas of the body that are moist and warm.
2. Bacterial Vaginitis
Bacterial vaginitis causes vaginal discharge that is milky and thin and has a fishy smell. This smell becomes more apparent after an intercourse. Since this condition is from a bacterial infection, this is usually treated with antibiotics.
A vagina has a mix of several types of bad and good bacteria. When the bad bacteria multiplies the good bacteria will attempt to kill. While this works most of the times, at times that the bad bacteria will prevail infections will occur.
There are certain circumstances that the body would disrupt good bacteria from destroying the bad bacteria. The body kills good bacteria causing bad bacteria to freely multiply causing infections like bacterial vaginitis. Another cause of bacteria vaginitis is the weakened state of the immune system. If the immune system is weak, good bacteria will not be sufficient to fight off the bad ones.
3. Trichomoniasis Vaginitis
This is caused by tiny protozoon known as Trichomonas vaginalis. This is an STD (sexual transmitted disease). Trichomoniasis is a curable transmitted disease in sexually active young people and all ages of women.
For reasons that are unknown, a person can have these organisms a long time without signs of having them while other people will develop symptoms almost instantly after acquiring it.
4. Chlamydia Vaginitis
This is an STD vaginitis. Women don’t show any symptoms except for a light bleeding after intercourse. This commonly affects women under 30 with multiple sexual partners.
5. Viral Vaginitis
This is another type of vaginitis that is a result of viral infection. One form of this is HSV well known as “herpes”. The primary symptom is pain with lesions in the vulva.
6. Noninfectious Vaginitis
An allergic reaction from douches, vaginal sprays, soaps, spermicidal products or detergent and fabric softeners usually cause this infection.
7. Atrophic Vaginitis
Atrophic Vaginitis is the inflammation and thinning of vaginal tissues due to decrease of vaginal lubrication. A drop of estrogen levels like after menopause can cause atrophic vaginitis. This can also be caused by using anti-estrogen medicines. Atrophic vaginitis indications are soreness in the vagina, itching, pain or bleeding after or during intercourse. Treatment will be estrogen replacement.
Atrophic vaginitis is also known as vaginal dryness or vaginal atrophy.